Chemicals and Psychology
When we think of “chemicals” and “psychology”, we typically think of chemical compounds in plants, animals, and even in our bodies. Our bodies contain countless amounts of chemicals and neurotransmitters running through all of our organs and systems. The brain consists of over one hundred billion neurons that communicate with each other through chemical and electrical activity. Neurons are the communication pathways in the brain and many of the chemical neurotransmitters are responsible for the complex architecture of our thought processes and the functioning of our bodies. Plants such as l-glutamine, L-tyrosine, GABA, and epinephrine are common neurotransmitters.
Other names for these research chemicals are neurotransmitters, neurohormones, hormones, hallucinogens, entheogens, psychotropics, stimulants, antioxidants, and selective neurotransmitter receptor agonists. Many of these substances are often misnomers of the substances they actually are. For example, L-glutamine is often misidentified as L-glutamate. Similarly, a substance known as GABA is often confused with GABAergics (which inhibit or stop nerve transmission). In reality, however, all of these brain chemicals are neurotransmitters and each one has a significant effect on the functioning of the other. Research chemicals are generally used for specific types of research, although some may be used for all of them depending on the type of experiment.
Purpose of Research Chemicals and Usage
The purpose of any experiment with these new drug research chemicals is usually to test their effects on behavior, memory, alertness, and brain function. A good example of this is when a pharmaceutical company is researching a new drug for depression. Typically, they will begin with an animal model first and then proceed to testing that new drug on humans.
Other kinds of research chemicals often used in chemical studies include antipsychotic medications, which can be used to treat schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression. Some new psychoactive substances are being studied for use as recreational drugs. This includes nicotine, which is now available in both nicotine patches and electronic cigarettes. New synthetic versions of amphetamines are also being developed.
Neuroleptic drugs, which include antipsychotics, are often used in the treatment of psychosis and schizophrenia. Another interesting group of drugs being studied for their potential to treat addictions and other mental health disorders is the group known as antipsychotics. Research chemicals in this category have been used to treat alcoholism, cocaine, crack, methamphetamine abuse, and ecstasy. These drugs act in the central nervous system and alter various biological processes. Unfortunately, addiction to these drugs is very common.
Another set of research chemicals that are commonly used include designer drugs. Illegal versions of prescription medications such as “bath salts” and “stimulants” are now being manufactured and distributed by street dealers. Designer drugs are considered by many to be highly addictive substances that mimic the effects of alcohol or prescription drugs without having the serious health issues associated with them. Because of this, they are illegal and have no regulating status.
When research chemicals and designer drugs combine, they often produce a highly potent synthetic designer drug. In fact, it is possible to create dozens of new psychoactive drugs each year. Unfortunately, most users do not know that these new substances are not approved for use and may carry serious health risks. Addicts often steal from dealers and create additional problems for themselves by stealing money and information intended to finance their addiction.
With all the legal highs flooding the market, it is easy to see why researchers are worried about the potential for misuse. Because these drugs are not subject to regulated standards, there is very little to no regulating of potency, production, or distribution. If you or someone you know is addicted to an illegal substance, you should contact a drug addiction attorney immediately. With the help of an attorney, you can get rid of your addiction and reclaim your life.