What is the primary purpose of Psychoactive drugs, psychopharmaceuticals, and psychoactive substances used in drug therapy?

A psychoactive drug, as the name suggests, alters the mental function and thereby changes subjective experience, mood, perception, cognition, or action. They are used for the treatment of psychiatric disease and their therapeutic effects are not just restricted to the medical field but are also used to treat pain, migraines, OCD, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and sexuality. The list goes on.


In spite of the recent claims by some quarters that there is no place for psychoactives in modern medicine, these drugs are found in abundance in clinical medicine and are used widely as they yield quick results in most of the patients who are under regular medication. The most commonly used psychoactives are Benzodiazepines, Meprobamate, Restoril, and tranquilizers like Valium, Ativan, Klonopin, and Xanax. These antidepressants are used in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and other psychological disorders. The main factor underlying the effectiveness of these drugs is that they elevate the level of serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, and epinephrine in the brain.

Some related Psychoactives

Besides their use as stimulants and depressants, psychoactives can also be found in the category of narcotics or analgesics. Cocaine and crack cocaine are known to be highly addictive, physically and psychologically addictive, and habit forming. When taken in excessive quantities, they can cause a lot of problems such as respiratory problems, heart attacks, and stroke. Cocaine affects the central nervous system and the function of the endocrine system and central nervous system. Cocaine affects the blood pressure, temperature, and heart rate of the individual.

Opioid drugs are considered to be one of the most common psychoactive that are abused. They include Codeine, Oxycodone, and Morphine. Codeine is the main article found in codeine phosphate, which is derived from the poppy flower. These drugs act as opioids, a group of chemical compounds that stimulate the receptors of the opioid nerve cell, in the brain.

Peyote is another one of the psychoactives, which are in use since long. Peyote contains three main articles: trimethylpentane, meptoline, and methyl-carboxylic acid, and is extracted from Mexican origin Peyote plants. The main active substance in Peyote is Phechosperma Pentaphyllum, which is found in the roots, pods, flowers, and leaves of the plant. Peyote contains a substance called porphine, which is the main component that is responsible for hallucinations, dream state alteration, and even psychotropic effects.

Benzodiazepines are one of the popular psychoactives. They are also known as tranquilizers. They work by relaxing the patient and giving relief from physical and mental tension. When taking benzodiazepines for long-term treatment, patients might experience withdrawal symptoms and experience the unpleasant side effect of drowsiness.


There are other classes of psychoactives that have become quite popular in recent years. Psychedelics, andotonics are new additions to the list. Many believe these new additions to the substance class are too closely related to each other, and that they may produce undesired side effects when used. But then again, many also believe that these classes of psychoactives are relatively safe compared to the other major categories of psychoactive substances.

The classification of psychoactive includes a wide range of legal highs including MDMA, cannabis or cannabinoids, speed, and ketamine. Although MDMA and cannabis are usually illegal, they can be found in public use and can produce similar effects to illegal drugs. Also, it is important to realize that there are many potential sources of legally obtained psychoactives. These include heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, crystal meth, ecstasy, and prescription drugs like oxycodone, hydrocodone, and morphine.

The abuse of Psychoactives


There are some common ways to abuse psychoactives, which include: using them to self-medicate, partying, using them to overcome an addiction, and using them as a way to steal. Illegal drugs such as cocaine, crack-cocaine, methamphetamine, heroin, and marijuana can all produce similar effects, which can include feelings of euphoria, alertness, and energy. However, it is important to realize that these substances can be extremely dangerous if taken in high concentrations. In addition, stimulants such as caffeine, alcohol, and cigarettes can have similar effects as well. Often people use these substances because they feel a certain need or desire, which explains why they are often available on street corners, in parks, and in other public areas.

Common side effects

When looking at the physical aspects of drug use, psychoactive substances affect the human body in different ways. However, this article only focuses on the mental aspects of drug use and does not discuss the physical health risks associated with long-term drug use. Some common physical symptoms include heart palpitations, sweating, insomnia, anxiety, panic attacks, seizures, and even death. While the above list is made from the most common physical effects, there are many psychological symptoms as well. These include thought disorder, confusion, irritability, depression, social alienation, paranoia, agitation, mania, auditory hallucinations, anxiety, hostility, and personality disarray.

So what can you do to protect yourself and others? Firstly, educate yourself about the dangers of taking psychoactive drugs and substances. Many schools, faith-based, and community organizations offer educational programs about this subject. Secondly, be sure that you are aware of where, how, and when to use these substances. Lastly, it is important to remember that while recreational drugs are illegal, they are widely used by teenagers, young adults, and adults all over the United States. Keep this in mind when considering the various options and solutions to stop the use of drugs.